Questions that could be asked on Religious Organisations By louisecp1, Dec 29 9: Item A Society has changed significantly over the past century and it has often been noted that there has been a drift away from mainstream religious organisations.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Get Access The New Age Movement Essay Sample Assess the view that cults, sects and New Age movements are fringe organisations that are inevitably short-lived and of little influence in contemporary society.
Some sociologists suggest that they are fringe organisations in the sense that they appeal to only a minority of the population, however Heelas found a large increase in New Age activity in his Kendal research.
Other sociologists, such as Niebuhr, argue that sects, cults and New Age movements are short-lived, either becoming denominations or dying out altogether. Some post-modernist sociologists propose that the growth of new religious movements shows the increasing influence they have in society today.
Many sociologists state that sects, cults and New Age movements only appeal to a minority of the population. For example, people on the margins of society who are poor are often attracted to sects as they offer them a sense of belonging.
Others who may be undergoing a personal crisis such as the death of a loved one, may find that belonging to a sect or cult may help them to overcome this crisis.
However, when they feel they have been helped to get over the crisis, they often leave the sect as there is no further reason to belong to it. This seems to suggest that these organisations only appeal to a small section of the population perhaps seeking short term help, so they will remain fringe organisations.
However, other organisations such as the Scientology movement are still around today, and with a well recognised and idolised member such as Tom Cruise, this influence on society will perhaps remain high. Heelas rejects the claim that these organisations are fringe organisations, particularly New Age movements.
His research in Kendal suggests that participation in New Age activities is widespread among the population there, which suggests that New Age movements are not fringe organisations. This suggests that the appeal of New Age movements is in fact a minority one.
Nevertheless, post-modernists argue that the appeal of new age movements reflects the pick and mix nature of post-modern society.
People today feel they have a choice as consumers of religion, they have become spiritual shoppers. There is also a key debate surrounding the life-span of sects, cults and New Age movements.
For example, Niebuhr believes that they are inevitably short-lived, either turning into denominations to survive or dying out completely. This is because they place heavy demands on their members and it is difficult to maintain commitment and enthusiasm, particularly amongst second-generation members.
Also, some sects and cults rely on a charismatic leader to keep up the commitment and enthusiasm, which means when the leader dies, the sect often disappears.
For Niebuhr, these facts suggest that sects tend to die out. Also, sects can maintain strict standards, including expelling those who fail to conform to these standards, over long periods of time.
Barker suggests that, in new religious movements, as younger people grow older, the reasons that drove them into the sect begin to disappear, and they begin to look for more normal lives.Assess the view that sects and cults are only fringe organisations that are inevitably short lived and of little influence in wider society Troeltsch believed that a sect was “the opposite of a church”.
(9 marks)Identify and briefly explain some of the characteristic features of sects, apart from those referred to in Item A. (9 marks)Identify and briefly explain three reasons why some individuals may choose to join religious sects or cults 6 marks Example exam 33 mark questions Assess the view that cults, sects and New.
Assess the view that cults, sects and New Age movements are fringe organisations that are inevitably short-lived and of little influence in contemporary society. Jan 06, · It's part of an exam question that says this: "Assess the view that cults, sects and New Age Movements are fringe organisations that are inevitably short-lived and of little influence to contemporary society" All help appreciated, Status: Resolved.
Assess the view that cults, sects and New Age movements are fringe organisations that are inevitably short-lived and of little influence in contemporary society.
(33 marks) Student answer. There are a range of debates about the nature of cults, sects and New Age movements.
Assess The View That Sects And Cults Are Only Fringe Organisations Assess the view that sects and cults are only fringe organisations that are inevitably short lived and of little influence in wider society.