Utilitarianism deontology and virtue ethics in legalizing marijuana

Source Legality and Relativism The use of marijuana has been illegal for what seems like forever. There has been a debate on whether it should be legal or illegal for quite some time, and the main reason is because some people view marijuana as perfectly acceptable while others find it less than okay. If it were obvious, of course, there would not be much room for debate. Obviously, our governments and our people have looked at this issue from either a utilitarian point of view, but no one seems to have tried virtue ethics or deontology.

Utilitarianism deontology and virtue ethics in legalizing marijuana

This is contrasted with consequentialism where the consequences dictate what is ethical and what is not.

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But, with deontological ethics, it is the moral inherent in the action itself that takes precedence in determining its ethical standard. In other words, is the act of legalizing marijuana ethical or unethical?

In the deontological context, we can ignore the consequences such as emphysema or second hand Consider that deontological ethics abide by rules, motives and actions themselves.

In the deontological context, we can ignore the consequences such as emphysema or second hand smoke; however, such considerations will be noted by opponents in a larger ethical contextual debate.

But, in this context, one could easily make the case that during Prohibition, crime increased dramatically, so legalizing what is sold illegally will logically reduce crime.

In a larger context of freedom itself, it seems ethical in terms of free will to allow people to ingest whatever they choose. The consequences are then their responsibility.


The value of focusing on the deontological argument is that it is the act itself legalizationnot the consequences, that determines whether the act is ethical. If a universal law is "legalize marijuana," you need to say what the motive is: A strict deontologist would argue that legalizing a plant is completely ethical; or, at least, such an act can in no way be construed to be unethical.

Virtue ethics is more subjective, based on a case by case basis. Since humans are the ones to legalize marijuana, we have to determine what human virtue is.

This is no easy task. Philosophers have differed on the idea of "the" human virtues, including justice, temperance, generosity, love, etc. This depends on the era and culture.

Once you define human virtues, question whether the virtuous human would legalize marijuana. This is subjective, so it makes the argument for legalization a bit easier, but the same could be said for opponents of legalization.

A just, loving, honest, generous person might say that legalization is ethical because it adds a freedom of choice and because smoking marijuana induces happiness and camaraderie. This leads to personal and social well being: Perhaps a statistical analysis of virtue ethics may be more effective.

Utilitarianism deontology and virtue ethics in legalizing marijuana

One could measure the agreed upon virtues of those who use marijuana versus those who drink alcohol.Is the legalization of medical marijuana morally sound? There are two opposing positions: for the legalization of medical marijuana and against the legalization of medical marijuana.

Those in favor of legalizing medical marijuana believe it is an appropriate therapy in treating certain severe illnesses in which other legal therapies . All have problems!). There is more than one path to get the same result. There are three major approaches in normative ethics including virtue ethics, deontological ethics, and utilitarianism.

This paper is going to compare the similarities and differences between virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics.

LEGALIZING MARIJUANA Legalizing Marijuana Legalizing Marijuana issue and the ethical problems it presents. Drawing on various sources, explain how one of the classical theories (utilitarianism, deontology, virtue ethics) would resolve the problem. Legalization is an choice that hasn't gotten a c Legalizing Marijuana.

Utilitarianism Deontology And Virtue Ethics In Legalizing Marijuana Utilitarianism is defined as ethic based on consequences. An act, either it is morally wrong or good is acceptable as long as the end outcome is greater.

Marijuana and Virtue There are many arguments that have been raised for and against legalizing marijuana. It is a personal choice and has no implication on ethics or morality does any more.

Feb 07,  · Virtue ethics, deontology and utilitarianism are going to have to be put together equally to come to a fair agreement about marijuana legalization, and relativism, which “ regards values as determined by one's own ethical standards, often those provided by one's own culture and tranceformingnlp.coms: 1.

An Explanation of Moral Theories & Traditions