Basic format for a quotation, 2. Basic format for a summary or a paraphrase, 3. Work with two authors, 4.
Presentation Transcript slide 3: Literacy narrative 32 Writing guide: You will generally move from planning to drafting to revising but as your ideas develop you will fnd yourself circling back and returning to earlier stages.
C1 Planning C1-a Assess the writing situation. Begin by taking a look at your writing situation. Consider your subject your purpose your audience available sources of information and any assignment requirements such as genre length document design and deadlines see the checklist on p.
It is likely that you will make fnal decisions about all of these matters later in the writing process — after a frst draft for example — but you will become a more effective writer if you think about as many of them as possible in advance. Purpose In many writing situations part of your challenge will be determining your purpose or your reason for writing.
The wording of an assignment may suggest its purpose. The checklist on page 5 includes questions that will help you analyze your audience and develop an effective strategy for reaching your readers.
When you write e-mail messages to instructors classmates or potential employers respect your reader by using a concise meaning- ful subject line keeping paragraphs brief and focused proofreading for careless errors and paying attention to your tone. Genre Pay close attention to the genre or type of writing assigned.
Each genre is a category of writing meant for a specifc purpose and audience — an essay in a writing class a lab report in a biology class a policy memo in a criminal justice class or a case study for an education class.
Some- times the genre is yours to choose and you need to decide if a particular genre — a poster presentation an audio essay a Web page or a podcast for example — will help you communicate your purpose and reach readers.
Academic English What counts as good writing varies from culture to culture.
In some situations you will need to become familiar with the writing styles — such as direct or indirect personal or impersonal plain or embellished — that are valued by the culture or discipline for which you are writing. C1-b Experiment with ways to explore your subject. Instead of plunging into a frst draft experiment with one or more tech- niques for exploring your subject and discovering your purpose: Whatever tech- nique you turn to the goal is the same: Talking and listening Because writing is a process of fguring out what you think about a sub- ject it can be useful to try out your ideas on other people.
Conversation can deepen and refne your ideas even before you begin to draft. By talking and listening to others you can also discover what they fnd hackerhandbooks.
Thinking like a college writer C1 Planning As you write: Single author 2.It is an easy and essential part of a reading and writing program to read aloud poetry picture books and have students try writing their own poems modeled on the poems in the books.
List poems are a good way to introduce poetry to beginning writers.
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A Reference Eighth Edition. Diana Hacker Nancy Sommers Harvard University. Contributing ESL Specialist. Kimberli Huster Robert Morris University. bedford/st. martin’s Boston New York.
“Writers end up writing stories—or rather, stories’ shadows—and they’re grateful if they can, but it is not enough. Nothing the writer can do is ever enough” —Joy Williams “I think writing is, by definition, an optimistic act.” —Michael Cunningham. Getting writing help from SpeedyPaper, you preserve your academic reputation.
This is an especially important factor if you need to write a dissertation. We check every paper for plagiarism and ensure there are no similarities within the texts.